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In 1899 an international tribunal ruled the land belonged to Great Britain.
In 1962 Venezuela for the first time officially claims as its own in the United Nations the territory located west of the Essequibo River, alleging vices of nullity and what is known in international law as acts contrary to good faith by the British government, along with a supposed compromise of some members of the Paris decision.
Guyana also has the distinction of being the only South American nation in which English is the official language.
The majority of the population, however, speak Guyanese Creole, an English-based creole language with slight Dutch, Arawakan and Caribbean influences.
Although Christopher Columbus sighted Guyana during his third voyage (in 1498), the Dutch were the first to establish colonies: Essequibo (1616), Berbice (1627), and Demerara (1752).
After the British assumed control in 1796, the Dutch formally ceded the area in 1814.
The Venezuelan government exposes the November 12, 1962 the government of London nine points on which they base their claim, in 1966 the Geneva Accord was signed between Venezuela and the United Kingdom (on behalf of its then colony British Guiana) in Geneva, Switzerland, on 17 February 1966.
It is a transitional arrangement to reach a final settlement of the border dispute, many defined as " an agreement to agree " and even invalidate the arbitration award of 1899, he led status quo is maintained.
Simón Bolívar wrote to the British government warning against the Berbice and Demerara settlers settling on land which the Venezuelans, as assumed heirs of Spanish claims on the area dating to the sixteenth century, claimed was theirs.The region known as "the Guianas" consists of the large shield landmass north of the Amazon River and east of the Orinoco River known as the "land of many waters".Originally inhabited by several indigenous groups, Guyana was settled by the Dutch before coming under British control in the late 18th century.is a sovereign state on the northern mainland of South America.
It is, however, included in the Caribbean Region due to its strong cultural, historical, and political ties with the Caribbean Community (CARICOM).
In 2008, the country joined the Union of South American Nations as a founding member.